Research Memos

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China’s 13th Five Year Plan and the Environment

March 4, 2016 at 9:45 am

Kimi Li – University of Toronto, Stephen Zhao – Oxford University PDF Version In March 2016, the Chinese National People’s Congress (NPC) will be meeting to approve the 13th Five Year Plan (13th FYP), a set of economic targets and goals that will guide the development of the Chinese economyRead More

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China Publishes Its “Third National Assessment Report on Climate Change”

December 2, 2015 at 4:56 pm

Stephen Zhao, Oxford University On November 20th, China’s Ministry of Science and Technology officially released China’s “Third National Assessment Report on Climate Change” (Third Report). Work on the over 900 page report began in 2012 and has involved over 500 scientists working together for a period of three years. TheRead More

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New Data Show China to be Consuming Far More Coal than Previously Thought

November 10, 2015 at 12:01 pm

The NYT’s article on November 3, 2015 (“China Burns Much More Coal than Reported, Complicating Climate Talks”, November 3, 2015) revealed that China had significantly underreported its own coal consumption for the past fifteen years. The data revealed, according to the NYT, that Chinese coal consumption was 17% higher (likelyRead More

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Xi Jinping on cyber-espionage

October 23, 2015 at 9:15 am

In his September 2015 visit to the United States, President Xi Jinping broke new ground in Sino-American relations by concluding a historic agreement with the United States over cyber-espionage. However, this state visit was not the first time that the Chinese President spoke on the issue of cyber security. InRead More

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Chinese Carbon Trading Pilots

September 28, 2015 at 9:20 am

On September 24, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced the implementation of a national carbon emissions trading scheme (ETS) during his visit to the United States. The ETS is scheduled to be implemented in 2017 and comes after China has implemented seven pilot programs in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, Tianjin, Shenzhen, Hubei,Read More

Chinese Carbon Trading Pilots – Progress and Current Status

Chinese Carbon Trading Pilots – Progress and Current Status

December 31, 2014 at 4:24 pm

Stephen Zhao 1. Overview The People’s Republic of China currently operates seven pilot carbon emissions trading schemes (ETS) in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, Tianjin, Shenzhen, Hubei, and Chongqing. These pilot ETS are being implemented in preparation for the rollout of a national ETS. While initially planned for implementation in 2020, Vice-DirectorRead More

Carbon Markets: Models and Best Practices

December 31, 2014 at 4:23 pm

Stephen Zhao [Updated as of January 23, 2015] 1. Introduction Purpose: Emissions trading schemes (ETS) are a policy tool aimed at reducing pollution efficiently. In the case of ETS designed for carbon and other greenhouse gases (GHG), the purpose is to reduce emissions of pollutants that contribute to climate changeRead More